The First Frontier: The Forgotten History of Struggle, Savagery, & Endurance in Early America by Scott Weidensaul
Scott Weidensaul's "First Frontier" is an epic history of conflict and confrontation along America's Eastern Seaboard, starting with the last period of glaciation and moving into the multiple bloody conflicts of America's colonial era.
Documentary film: Wooden Bones - The Sunken Fleet of 1758
250 years ago the British and French fought for control of a North American empire in a conflict known as the French & Indian War (1755-1763). This clash of European superpowers spread all over the frontier lands of the 13 British colonies and New France (Canada). One of the battlegrounds was the 32 mile long Lake George, nestled in the Adirondack mountains. With winter approaching in 1758 and no fort to protect their lake fleet, British forces at Lake George made a decision to sank much of their flotilla (kind of "cold storage") planning to raise them in 1759 - but many of the vessels were not resurrected in 1759.
Bloody Mohawk: The French and Indian War & American Revolution on New York's Frontier (book review)
The peaceful countryside of New York hide the state's violent past. Before and during the American Revolution, New York was a battlefield. In "Bloody Mohawk" Richard Berleth reveals the role the state played in securing the future of the United States - exploring the French and British empires, the Iroquois Federation and American settlers. "The French and Indian War battles were overwhelmingly fought in what is now New York state, and 80% of the American Revolution battles of substance were also fought in New York state. New York state in the colonial period was really a battleground state."
General Braddock's crossing -- 252 years later
The Union Jack and Fleur-de-lis flags flanking the American flag on Memorial Bridge fly to honor Braddock's Crossing, a celebration of Connellsville's role in the War for Empire, aka the French and Indian War. France and Great Britain both wanted to command the North American continent. The French attempted to control the rivers, highways for fur trade with natives. In 1775, a British army unit under the command of Gen. Edward Braddock sought to drive the French out of the Ohio Valley. On the way to Fort Duquesne his army crossed the Youghiogheny at Stewart's Crossing, on June 29-30. The army spent 2 days here before unsuccessfully attacking the French.
Extremely rare Cree skin jacket likely to fetch $400,000
An "extremely rare," elaborately decorated and well-preserved animal-skin outfit acquired by a British army officer Maj. Edward Barwick from his Indian allies in Canada during the War of 1812 is set to highlight an auction of native artifacts in New York. Canadian museums are said to be coveting the 200-year-old Woodland Cree costume, which is expected to sell for $400,000 Cdn. It's possible that the outfit was tailor-made in the style of an English military uniform as a ceremonial strengthening of ties between British-Canadian troops and native warriors.
The Lost Radeau: North America's Oldest Intact Warship (Article no longer available from the original source)
A documentary "The Lost Radeau: North America's Oldest Intact Warship," which was produced locally as a collaborative effort between Pepe Productions, Bateaux Below, Inc. and Whitesel Graphics, will be presented at the Buffalo Niagara Film Festival. "Radeau" chronicles the discovery of "the oldest intact war vessel in North America" in the depths of Lake George off of Million Dollar Beach. The "Land Tortoise," is a gun ship that was submerged by the British during the French and Indian War so that it would not be destroyed by the French. The British military had intended to sink the vessel in shallow waters for later recovery, but they underestimated the depth.
Native Americans and conquered enemies - Inaccurate Hollywood
American Indian tribes were small and took part in a ritualistic style of warfare: mourning war. Tribes would raid each other while training young men. When a warrior died in battle his family was stressed because of the lack of a provider. Captives were adopted to replace the lost warrior. Older men were rarely adopted: Daniel Boone, however, was by Blackfish of the Shawnee during the Revolutionary War. After the French and Indian War, many captives preferred to remain as life among the Eastern tribes was less onerous than in the pioneer settlements. On certain rare occasions the tribes did make captives slaves.
The infamous day that the American army was destroyed
The infamous day that the American army was destroyed. I don't mean "defeated", or "suffered a setback". I mean an entire American army was wiped out on the battlefield. How come you never heard of this? "History is written by the victors" as Winston Churchill said. --- On Sept 17, 1791 Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair headed north from what is now Cincinnati, Ohio to establish a fort at the head of the Maumee River. Pitted against the American army was 1,800-2,000 indians, mostly Miami and Shawnee. Little Turtle led the Miami. The Shawnee was led by Blue Jacket.
No mystery behind Main St. S-burg's mysterious tunnels
Sorting fact from fiction is common in the history. One legend often revived is that of the secret tunnels under Main Street in Stroudsburg. Incorrect articles from the 1950s indicated that these tunnels were used to "harbor refugees from the Wyoming Massacre in the French and Indian War." According to popular belief, the tunnels served as a way for people to get from Fort Penn to McMichael Creek without being attacked by Indians. In 1776, Jacob Stroud did fortify his residence to create Fort Penn. However, the tunnels and Fort Penn are not connected...