British General John Forbes' campaign to take Fort Duquesne
The French and Indian War, 1754-1763, wasn't even really a "war," but rather the American front of the Seven Years War, an 18th-century war between England and France. Their hunting grounds besieged by immigrants, many American Indians joined forces with the French forces, which had a stronghold at Fort Duquesne. The British army's first attempt at taking this location, led by General Edward Braddock in 1755, ended in disaster. 3 years later, British General John Forbes launched a second attempt to take Fort Duquesne. The story of his expedition is told in "Pennsylvania's Forbes Trail: Gateways and Getaways along the Legendary Route from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh".
Fort Loudoun gives taste of frontier conflicts
75 French and Indian War-era re-enactors will gather at Fort Loudoun on June 21-22 to reenact the Cherokee Council, an event that lasted for 2 days in June 1758. Re-enactors will do shows about historic weapons, Native American customs and military drills. Cherokee Council will be re-enacted, and David Dixon will speak on "Indian Diplomacy with the French and British in the Ohio Valley, 1758-1763." --- If you go: Travel guide "Pennsylvania's Forbes Trail" focuses on gateway communities across the state through which General John Forbes passed on his 1758 expedition to capture Pittsburgh's Point.
Massac Milestone: Historic fort celebrates 250 years
Although there are stories of Spanish explorer Hernando Desoto using the strategic location as early as 1540, Fort De L'Ascension was the first fort on the site we now refer to as Fort Massac, built in 1757. Fort De L'Ascension was built at the beginning of the French and Indian War. Building began by 150 French personnel and 100 Native American allies on the feast day of Ascension in May 1757 and was completed 30 days later. During the war, the Fort was rebuilt and renamed "Massiac" in honor of a French Minister of Colonial Affairs. As the war ended in 1863, it was abandoned by the French and burned by the Chickasaw tribe.
Remains discovered of 18th century French fort
Archaeological research at Point State Park in Pittsburgh have identified remains of a drainage system that once serviced Fort Duquesne. "This discovery is an important link to the structure that preceded Fort Pitt and it will be preserved as recommended by on-site archeologists and in consultation with the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission." The fortification was established by the French in 1754 - and destroyed by the French as the British advanced in 1758 during the French and Indian War. The British, in turn, built Fort Pitt 1759-1761.
Colonial boat raised, destroyed in 1903 - Fort William Henry (Article no longer available from the original source)
In 1757, during the French and Indian War, an expedition of 1,500 regulars, Canadian soldiers, militiamen and American Indians was led against Fort William Henry. They destroyed by fire everything outside the fort, including a large number of bateaux; 4 sloops, one of which was pierced for cannon; a sawmill; two magazines full of provisions and military effects; and a small stockaded fort. In 1903, the remains of one of the sloops was raised. Many relics were found in the vessel: like 3 brass buckles, several buttons, a clay pipe, two jackknives, several flints, cuff buttons, lead bullets, a few grape shot and a Spanish coin dated 1743.