Sputnik Fueled Cold War, Sent Critters Into Orbit, Matched Wits
When the Soviet Union launched the world's first manmade satellite on Oct. 4, 1957, the reaction in the U.S. was awe. Americans were impressed by Sputnik and not worried about its implications for national security. Alarm and panic came afterward. 2 books timed for the Sputnik anniversary retell the tale. "Red Moon Rising" by Matthew Brzezinski puts Sputnik in a geopolitical context, offering accounts of Kremlin intrigues and Pentagon wrangling, with the stories of rocket scientists Sergei Korolev and Wernher von Braun. In "A Ball, a Dog and a Monkey" Michael D'Antonio presents more of a ground-level account of the U.S. attempts to match the Soviet success.
Inside Russia's space camp - Star City didn't appear on maps
For years, Star City didn't appear on any maps - kept hidden away from the West's prying eyes during the Cold War. Even today, gaining entry to Russia's Cosmonaut training centre requires negotiations. The site remains highly secret, surrounded by barbed wire fencing. Star City has been at the heart of the Russian space programme and its fortunes have mirrored both the ups and downs of the Soviet Union and the post-Communist Russia. Now some of its secrets are being revealed in a BBC Radio documentary. When Star City was founded in the early 1960's, it was part of Russia's obsession with beating the west. Space was just another battleground.
Battle between America and Soviet Union for dominion of Space
"Space Race" By Deborah Cadbury tells the story of the race into space by the greatest superpower rivalries, political paranoia, and technological feats of the twentieth century. With the end of the cold war, decades of secrets have been exposed, bringing with them a remarkable opportunity: the unmasking of the true heroes and villains behind one of the most exciting races in history. At the center of this account are Wernher von Braun, the former Nazi scientist who led the American rocket design team, and Sergei Korolev, the chief Soviet designer and former political prisoner whose identity was a closely guarded state secret.
The Eagle has... broken -- Seen UFO
The first men on the Moon had to use a pen to fix a broken switch on their lunar module and return home to Earth. According to the documentary "Apollo 11: The Untold Story", the US was so eager to beat the Soviet Union to putting a man on the Moon, it launched its historic 1969 mission before it was completely prepared. Richard Nixon even prepared an address to the nation announcing the deaths of Armstrong, Aldrin and Michael Collins. Aldrin revealed how the astronauts saw an unidentified flying object during the flight as well, adding that Nasa covered it up for thirty years.
CIA and NASA Linked During Cold War Space Race
A space history sleuth has documented cooperative ties between NASA and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) during the heated U.S.-Russian space race in the late 1950s through the 1960s. Not only did the CIA provide data to NASA, the space agency also gave expertise to the spy agency. Declassified documents about the historical NASA-CIA partnership are being detailed at the World Space Congress. In "Brothers in Arms: The CIA and the American Civilian Space Program, 1958-1968", Dwayne Day spells out the actions between two different bureaucratic weapons in the American arsenal during the space race with the Soviet Union.
1983: Reagan launches Cold War into space
Reagan has unveiled plans to combat nuclear war in space. The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) proposes a defensive shield, using laser technology to "intercept and destroy" incoming missiles as they travel through the stars. In a televised address from the White House the U.S. leader said: "We seek neither military superiority nor political advantage. Our only purpose - one all people share - is to search for ways to avert the danger of nuclear war."