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Cold War Soviet Spies

The spy who started the Cold War by passing Britain`s atomic bomb secrets to the Soviet Union
For 10 years a Soviet spy codenamed Eric revealed Britain's nuclear secrets to Moscow, paving the way for the Cold War. The KGB treasured him; MI5 suspected him, trailed him, opened his letters and monitored his every move. But he was never caught. Now, with the opening of MI5 and KGB archives, Eric can be id'ed as Engelbert (Bertie) Broda, a Austrian scientist who evaded Britain's spy-catchers while working as a Soviet mole in the heart of the wartime nuclear research programme. The amazing story of Bertie Broda is like a spy novel: a tale of espionage and counter-espionage, elaborate spycraft, deception, and double-life.

KGB material released online by Cold War project
The Cold War International History Project has released the Vassiliev Notebooks - an important new source of information on Soviet intelligence in the US 1930-1950. Though the KGB's archive remains closed, ex-KGB officer turned journalist Alexander Vassiliev was given the unique chance to spend 2 years browsing over materials from the KGB archive taking notes on some of the KGB's most sensitive files. Though Vassiliev's access was not unchained, the 1115 pages of notes that he was able to take shed new light on such essential topics as Alger Hiss, the Rosenberg case, and 'Enormous,' the massive Soviet effort to gather intelligence on the atomic bomb project.

The diaries of Anthony Blunt, the Queen's art adviser and Russian spy, published
The buzz over one of the most infamous spy scandals in British history will be reignited with the memoirs of Sir Anthony Blunt, the Queen's art adviser who was exposed as a Russian agent. Blunt's account of his role as the fourth man in the Cambridge spy ring (Guy Burgess, Donald Maclean and Kim Philby) will be out in July 2009. He died in 1983 and his memoirs were locked up in the British Library. Blunt was exposed in 1979 when PM Margaret Thatcher named him in the Commons as a spy after a cover-up that lasted over a decade. Blunt, a former MI5 officer, had confessed in 1964, but was, under a secret deal, given immunity from prosecution.

Julius Rosenberg may have enlisted two spies to steal atomic secrets
Julius Rosenberg, who recruited David Greenglass to steal atomic secrets, also enlisted a second spy to infiltrate the Manhattan Project, claims a new book by authorities on Soviet espionage. The authors of "Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America" say that the spy nicknamed in Soviet cables as "Fogel" or "Persian" was not Robert Oppenheimer or Philip Morrison as some have theorized, but Russell W. McNutt, an unnoticeable engineer who helped build the uranium processing plant in Oak Ridge. He had been id'ed as a Communist sympathizer, but earlier American intelligence did not id him as a member of the Rosenberg spy ring. [Buy from Amazon: US, UK, CA, DE, FR]

Rosenberg spy case man admits to espionage after more than 50 years
A US man convicted in the biggest espionage trial of the Cold War has, after over 50 years, admitted his guilt. The disclosure came as new information cast doubt on the conviction of another defendant, Ethel Rosenberg, who was executed for passing nuclear secrets to the Soviet Union. Morton Sobell maintained his innocence throughout the half century after his conviction as one of the defendants in the 1951 Rosenberg spy trial. But now he answered, when asked if he had spied: "Yeah, yeah, yeah, call it that. I never thought of it as that in those terms." Sobell spent 18 years in U.S. prisons for passing secrets to the Soviets during WW2.

Tourists flock to Korea to see last Cold War frontier
The heavily-fortified land border between South Korea and North Korea is drawing in an increasing number of tourists. Visitors come from South Korea and overseas to see the watchtowers, monuments to peace like as the "friendship bridge," and to dine at restaurants in the Imjingak tourism park. The two Koreas have been separated by a 4km wide strip of land since 1953. The Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) - the last Cold War frontier - is nearly completely unoccupied and full of mines.

9 Britons who betrayed their country to the Soviet Union and KGB
Russia's spy service has formally identified Britons who betrayed their country to the Soviet Union. Moscow's foreign intelligence service, the SVR, has posted the details of 9 Britons who worked for the Kremlin on its website, along with 13 Russians who too spied on the UK. The SVR has 'outed' some agents who claimed that they had either never been in the pay of Moscow or had only done so with reluctance. Moscow has also praised John Cairncross for assisting the Red Army to one of their greatest World War II victories. The SVR has published the 'heroes gallery' as part of a drive to draw in recruits.

An American 'regular guy' was a Russian top spy - George Koval
He had all-American cover: born in Iowa, college in Manhattan, army buddies with whom he played baseball. George Koval was also a top Soviet spy, codenamed Delmar, trained by Stalin's bureau of military intelligence. Historians say Koval appears to have been one of the most important spies of the 20th century. On Nov. 2, the Kremlin announced that Putin had posthumously given the highest Russian award to a Soviet agent who in WWII had penetrated the Manhattan Project. The announcement hailed Koval as "the only Soviet intelligence officer" to infiltrate the project's secret plants. Since then, historians and old friends of Koval's have raced to unearth his story.

Soviet spy Aleksandr Feklisov dies at 93, stole US atomic secrets
Legendary Soviet spy Aleksandr Feklisov, who helped the Soviet Union get the secret formula for an atom bomb, has died at 93. He was responsible for stealing nuclear technology from the US - cutting half the time it took the Soviets to test an atomic weapon. The KGB handler also played a key role in bringing the USSR and the US back from the brink of a nuclear conflict during the Cuban missile crisis. Born in 1914, Feklisov joined the NKVD in 1940. A handler who recruited agents and gathered information, he was sent to Washington and London to track down the nuclear formula.

Oleg Gordievsky honoured - The highest ranking Soviet spy to defect
Former Soviet spy Oleg Gordievsky who defected to Britain will be honoured by the Queen. He will be made a Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George. The one-time KGB colonel's honour is the same accolade held by fictional James Bond. Gordievsky who became the highest ranking Soviet spy to defect to the West, is being recognised for services to UK security. Disillusioned with the situation in his homeland, he operated as a double agent during the Cold War. He passed on an unprecedented amount of information to British security while serving as KGB bureau chief in London.

Soviet spy seduced girls in British embassy
A Soviet spy, who employed his skills of seduction to gather secrets, infiltrated Britain's embassy in Prague. The agent, codenamed Victor, was recruited by the Czech StB secret police in 1959 after they spotted his charisma. Once trained, the spy, whose real name was Jiri Bartos, was unleashed on lonely secretaries at the embassy where he was activated as a "social agent". "His job was to seduce the girls at the embassy and the wives of delegation staff. He was supposed to be in love with them and he was very successful." The revelation comes as the Czech Republic opens its huge Cold War archive.

Ex-KGB double agent on hunger strike in U.K. for defector pension
A former Russian KGB spy has gone on a hunger strike in Britain demanding a decent defector's pension for passing secrets to British intelligence during the Cold War. A former double agent, Viktor Makarov fled to the U.K. hoping to continue his career in intelligence. But his dream did not materialize, and Makarov has since survived on benefits in a small town. Makarov was arrested in 1987 and released after 5 years in a Soviet labor camp. He was then smuggled to the U.K. with the help of the British Secret Intelligence Service MI6. The British govt has denied Makarov a pension, as he is not officially recognized as a defector.

How the Cold War Began -- The Hunt for Soviet Spies
On Sept. 5, 1945, Igor Gouzenko left his post at the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa for the last time. Gouzenko, a cipher clerk for Red Army Intelligence, the GRU, had made a momentous decision -- to defect and bring along documentation detailing the Soviet Union's extensive espionage operations in Canada. Gouzenko's information, which related not only to Soviet penetrations in Canada but also to those in the U.S. and Britain, resulted in the first postwar spy scandal, which undercut positive feelings toward the Soviet Union that had been generated by the concluded Allied effort against Nazi Germany.

Russian gets 13-year sentence for passing secrets to MI6
A retired Russian special services colonel has been sentenced to 13 years in a penal colony for passing state secrets to MI6, in the espionage episode pitting London against Moscow. The ruling by the Moscow district military court was announced after a closed trial in which Sergey Skripal, 55, was prosecuted for high treason in the form of espionage. Experts say that despite the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, western and Russian spies are still locked in a battle for military secrets.

The Soviet's longest serving KGB spy in the UK
The Cold War spy Melita Norwood, whose secret life was unmasked 6 years ago has died aged 93. Mrs Norwood worked for the KGB for 40 years and was believed to be the Soviet's longest serving spy in the UK. In the 1940s she was a secretary with the Non Ferrous Metals Research Association and passed on vital secrets of Britain's nuclear weapons programme. A lifelong communist, Mrs Norwood said she had wanted to help Russia's "new system".